Colonel Cliff "Courage" Mewett was born in Boston, Massachusetts.


  • 17 July - Sheikh Saqr bin Mohammad al-Qassimi (c. 1918–1920 – 27 October 2010) became Ruler of Trucial Abysmia.
  • The Western European Union (19542011; today part of the European Union), a defensive alliance among non-communist European nations during the Cold War, was drafted.
  • The first electronic autonomous robots on Earth were created by William Grey Walter in Bristol, England.
  • Wright Field and Patterson Field were merged under the name Wright-Patterson AFB.

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